Up: TUG BYLAWS
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The power to alter, amend or repeal the bylaws or to adopt new bylaws
will be vested in the Board of Directors by affirmative vote of the
directors in the manner provided in these Bylaws.
1988 annual meeting:
September 1990 (Cork):
- Changes to number of Directors (Article IV, Section 2)
- change from ``not less than three'' to ``not more than 30'';
- institution of permanent honorary members, without vote.
- Establishment of Donald Knuth and Hermann Zapf as honorary board members
(Article IV, Section 3a).
- Non-elected Vice Presidents added to Board (Article IV, Section 3a')
- Composition of Finance Committee revised (Article V, Section 2)
- outgoing President retained for one year for continuity;
- newly elected officers become members upon election.
- Planning Committee established (Article V, Section 2a)
- Term of officers changed to start on January 1 (Article V, Section 4)
- Addition of statement on supervision of Executive Director. (Article VIII,
March 1991 (Dedham):
- Sections renumbered where necessary.
- Added section ``Access to Documents''. (Article III, Section 7)
- Composition of Board changed from ``nominated'' to elected. (Article IV,
- Ray Goucher added as honorary. (Article IV, Section 4)
- Nomination and election procedures established. (Article IV, Section 6)
- Procedure for consent vote extended to include e-mail procedure.
(Article IV, Section 10)
- Site Coordinator position eliminated. (Article IV, old section 10)
- Composition of Executive Committee changed from officers, to President
plus three additional members elected by the Board. (Article V, Section 1)
- Finance Committee eliminated. (Article V, old Section 2)
- Technical Council established. (Article V, Section 2)
- Change in qualification for officers (Article VII, Section 2)
- only President elected by membership;
- other officers elected by Board from among Directors.
- Nomination by petition replaced Nominating Committee. (Article VII,
- Details of elections removed to separate election procedures document.
(Article VII, Sections 4, 5)
July 1991 (Dedham):
- Election procedures adopted; consequent bylaws
amendments not explicitly cited in minutes summary. (Motion 91-61)
February 1992 (Aston):
- Text establishing Technical Council replaced. (Motion 92-11)
June 1992 (by mail):
- Change in references to tax code, on
recommendation of TUG accountant. (Motion 92-23e)
July 1992 (Portland):
- Changes approved under Motion 92-24:
- replacement of Article XI, Indemnification;
- changes required by new Election Procedures for the Board.
- Changes approved under Motion 92-25:
- removal of ``previous experience'' phrase from presidential
- removal of hardship clause from Article IV, Section 6.
July 1993 (Aston):
- Replacement of Article IV, Section 8, ``Special Directors'', and
changes to terminology in Sections 3, 5, 9 and 10 resulting from
new text adopted in principle under Motion 92-28 and referred to
the Bylaws Committee to draft final wording.
- Changes required by revised Election Procedures, specifically,
change in text of Article IV, Section 8, concerning vacancies on
the Board. (Motion 93-2)
- Clerical changes (Motion 93-3):
- minor changes in terminology for the purpose of achieving
``plain English'' text;
- replacement of ``the Corporation'' by ``TUG''.
- normalization of upper- and lowercase usage for various titles;
- insertion of the clarifying modifier ``Long-Range'' into the
committee name in Article V, Section 3;
- correction of the word ``appointment'' to ``election'' (with
respect to directors) in Article IV, Section 8;
- rephrasing of Article VII, Section 3, concerning nomination
procedures for the President to parallel those of Article IV,
Section 6, for Directors;
- clarification of qualifications for appointees to fill vacant
offices in Article VII, Section 10, by adding ``of the Board''
- Changes in text establishing Technical Council to clarify that
the Board will grant ``formal recognition'' rather than ``ratify''
reports from Technical Working Groups forwarded by the Council.
July 1994 (Santa Barbara):
- Clerical changes (Motion 94-2):
- replacement in Article IV, Section 3, of the term ``elected
by ``Elected Director'' to parallel the term ``Special Director'';
- replacement in Article IV, Sections 2, 10 and 11, Article V,
and 2, and Article VII, Sections 2 and 10, of the phrases
the Board (of Directors)'' and ``Board Member(s)'' by the
equivalent term ``director(s)'', to normalize usage;
- rephrasing a sentence in Article IV, Section 10, to avoid
word ``members'' when either committee members or directors
may be meant.
- Removal of legacy text in Article IV, Section 3, referring to the
composition of the board prior to the first election of directors.
July 1995 (St. Petersburg):
- Clerical changes (Motion 95-2):
- removal of reduplicated ``may'' from Article VII, Section 2;
- removal from Article VII, Section 4, of obsolete text referring
to 1991 annual meeting.
- Elimination of Special Directors (Motion 95-3):
- removal of Special Directors from list in Article IV, Section 3;
- elimination of Article IV, Section 5;
- renumbering of all subsequent sections;
- in (new) Section 9, rephrase text to eliminate implicit reference to
Special Directors in procedure for consent votes.
- Elimination of Long-Range Planning Committee (Motion 95-4):
- removal of Article V, Section 3;
- renumbering of Section 4.
- Decrease in total number of Directors (Motion 95-5):
- change number from 30 to 15 in Article IV, Section 2.
August 1998 (Torun):
- Procedure for suspension/removal of inactive Directors (Motion 98-6):
- addition of second paragraph to Article IV, Section 5.
July 2002 (Portland):
- Streamlining of Directors' Consent Vote, Article IV, Section 9
- shortening of discussion period from two weeks to one.
- shortening of voting period from two weeks to one, with vote closed at
once if a clear majority votes the same way.
- change in terminology: ``directors'' to ``Board members''.
- change from ``mail'' to ``electronic mail'' and removal of requirement
to confirm results by standard mail.
February 2003 (email):
- Directors serve for four years, not three, in Article IV, Section 5.
- Changes for 501(c)(3) to Article I, Sections 1-3. (Motion 2002.13.)
- Also 501(c)(3) changes in the articles of
October 2002 (by e-mail):
- Change in status from 501(c)(6) to 501(c)(3) (Motion 2002-9)
- to be made if and when the IRS approves the requested change in status.
- change to be applied to Article I, sections 2 and 3.
January 2003 (by e-mail):
- Change in status from 501(c)(6) to 501(c)(3)
- change in text of Article I, section 1, as provided by lawyer.
- removal of last sentence of Article I, section 2.
- change in text of Article I, section 3, as provided by lawyer.
- Clarification of office location
- rewording of Article II, Offices, from ``places both within and outside
the State of Rhode Island'' to ``places either within or outside ...''.
23 February 2005 (by e-mail, motion 2005.3):
- Allow electronic voting
- change ``written mail ballot'' to ``mail ballot'' in
Article IV, section 5, and Article VII, section 5.
23 February 2005 (by e-mail, motion 2005.4):
- Editorial fixes
- Article III, section 7, and Article VIII, section 2: remove
references to (no longer extant) Finance Committee.
- Article VI, section 1: state that notice can be given by e-mail.
23 September 2018:
- Non-content source file maintenance:
- Chronology: consistently use roman numerals.
13 December 2019 (by e-mail, motion 2019.4):
- New lifetime membership class
- Article IV, section 8: new section.